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Wednesday, October 5, 2022

My Backyard of a Thousand Bees | The Energy of Pollinators | Nature


TRANSCRIPT

– It looks like everybody is speaking about bees.

It may be as a result of there are 2.8 million honeybee hives within the U.S. alone.

With 20 to 60,000 bees per hive, that is greater than 50 billion honeybees flying round our farms and neighborhoods each summer time.

(bees buzzing) The honeybee is the closest factor there’s to a domesticated insect.

We care for them in order that they will care for us by serving to a lot of our crops reproduce.

However honeybees aren’t the one bees on the town.

In truth, it is a bit unusual that they are are right here in any respect.

Settlers from England introduced the primary honeybees to North America in 1622.

However these European honeybees arrived to a continent that was already teeming with wild bees, greater than 4,000 species of them.

Yeah, there are 4,000 species of untamed native bees residing right here in North America.

A few of these wild bees species are bumblebees.

They’re most likely our most well-known wild bees, they usually have lots in frequent with honeybees.

They’re typically striped with yellow and black, they usually reside in colonies that may be lively all summer time lengthy.

However most wild bees are fairly completely different.

Lots of them are solitary, that means that they reside their lives alone.

In these species, every feminine is a hardworking single mother who builds her personal nest, often in a wooden tunnel or underground burrow, lays her personal eggs, and works alone to collect nectar and pollen to feed her infants.

A few of these solitary bees solely reside just a few weeks as adults.

Wild bees are available in nearly each measurement, form, and colour you’ll be able to think about.

Some are huge, some are tiny, some are fuzzy, some are shiny.

They are often yellow, orange, pink, inexperienced, black, even blue.

Greater than 80% of all plant species depend on animals to maneuver their pollen from flower to flower.

This course of, referred to as pollination, is how these crops reproduce.

All types of animals play a job in pollination: butterflies, moths, flies, beetles, wasps, ants, even birds and bats, however bees are the perfect pollinators on the market.

And whereas honeybees get a lot of the consideration, wild bees will be simply as a efficient, oftentimes much more so.

Bumblebees, as an illustration, can use their wing muscle mass to vibrate their our bodies and launch the pollen from sure sorts of flowers… (bee buzzing) a trick we name buzz pollination.

And in contrast to honeybees, which pollinate tons of various crops, many wild bees solely go to just a few flower species and even only one, just like the demise camas mining bee, the one bee that may eat the poisonous pollen of the demise camas flower.

A few of these relationships have developed over thousands and thousands of years, and the survival of every associate is dependent upon the opposite.

For crops, pollination will be simply as vital as water and daylight.

It is pollination that ensures that crops can produce sufficient fruits and seeds to feed all of the animals that eat them, with sufficient left over to make the following era of crops.

And crops do not simply feed animals and other people; they supply habitat for different creatures, they assist keep wholesome soil and water, and even produce the oxygen that we breathe.

So a wholesome neighborhood of pollinators is a part of a wholesome planet.

Sadly, be inhabitants around the globe are dwindling due to human impacts.

(somber instrumental music) In 2017, the rusty patched bumblebee grew to become the primary North American bee species to be listed as an endangered species within the U.S., and it isn’t alone.

By one estimate, about half of our wild bee species could also be declining, and about half of these may very well be prone to extinction.

Now this is the excellent news: we will all do one thing about it proper the place we reside.

Wild bees want locations to nest, they usually do not ask for a lot.

For a lot of species, a wooden pile or a patch of unfastened soil may very well be simply what they’re on the lookout for.

And don’t be concerned.

Whereas most wild bees can sting in case you hassle them, they’re actually fairly pleasant.

Wild bees additionally want to remain wholesome, so attempt to keep away from utilizing pesticides and different dangerous chemical compounds, like weed killers, in locations that wild bees frequent.

And naturally, wild bees want meals.

You probably have a yard, a neighborhood backyard, a rooftop, or perhaps a window field, you’ll be able to develop flowering crops native to your space.

Plant even one sq. foot of untamed flowers, and I promise you, bees will discover them and recognize them.

And eventually, share the excellent news.

When you begin attracting bees, inform everybody about your bee sanctuary.

Bees want all of the pals they will get, and every one in every of us could make a distinction.

(upbeat jazz music)



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